An inguinal hernia is one that appears in the groin between the thigh & the abdomen. The intestines push through a weakness in the inguinal canal, an opening between sections of abdominal muscle. Obesity, pregnancy, heavy lifting, and straining to pass stool can all cause this.
Epigastric hernia is another kind of hernia more common in men than women. It occurs above the navel, in the upper-middle area of the abdomen. Epigastric hernia repair surgery is performed under local anaesthesia with sedation
Femoral hernias like most other hernias need operative intervention. This should ideally be done as an elective procedure. However, because of the high incidence of complications femoral hernias often need emergency surgery. If you’ve had a surgical incision in your abdomen, you may be at risk for an incisional or ventral hernia.
If you think you have an incisional hernia, you will possibly need treatment. Unattended, they may widen and become extremely difficult to repair.
Umbilical hernias occur near the navel. These hernias occur in infants and may disappear before school age. Sometimes the weak area of weakness can persist throughout life. Umbilical hernias can happen in men, women and children at any point.
Hiatal hernias occur when one part of the body protrudes through a gap or opening into another part. A hiatal hernia forms at the opening in your diaphragm where your food pipe (esophagus) joins your stomach. Part of the stomach pushes through this opening causing a hiatal hernia.
Diaphragmatic hernia usually happen when part of an abdominal organ break through into the chest gap in the diaphragm. A diaphragmatic hernia can occur after a serious injury such as a road traffic rom a motor vehicle accident.
Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernias
Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernias can be diagnosed during pregnancy by ultrasound occurring when the diaphragm fails to develop completely. It is extremely dangerous and requires immediate surgery.
An abdominal hernia is the protrusion of contents of the coelomic cavity through the wall that contains it, usually as a result of weakness in that wall. In the abdomen as elsewhere, this may be at a site of normal weakness, for example, a place where a vessel or viscous enters or leaves the wall.
An agonizing rectal hernia is one of the most disruptive conditions a woman can experience. A bulging pouch in the rectum (rectocele), the hernia can be the result of aging or pregnancy. It traps stool and pushes it into the back wall of the vagina, causing chronic constipation and painful intercourse.
- Reducible hernia – A hernia in which the contents of the sac can be returned to their normal location, i.e. can be moved back into place .
- Irreducible hernia – A hernia that cannot be reduced without operation, ie a hernia that cannot be moved back into place
- Incarcerated hernia – swollen and cannot be moved. A hernia which results in the entrapment of tissue or viscera into the hernia sac.
- Obstructed hernia – An obstructed hernia is one in which the bowel is trapped and obstructed but viable.
- Strangulated hernia – when the hernia has cut off its own blood supply. A strangulated hernia, which is a dangerous complication of the condition, is a medical emergency where a loop of bowel becomes trapped in the hernia defect.